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Scottish Gaelic lesson 31 -More tense examples

tha mi trang an dugh /        present

bha mi sgith an dè /             past

bha an duine glè ard /         past

bidh iad uil aig an taigh a-nochd / future tense / they will all be…..

 

Imperfect form

 

bhithinn                                I would be

bhiodh / bhitheadh tu        you would be

bhiodh / bhitheadh e, i       he she  it would be

bhiomaid / bhitheamaid    we would be

 

 

 

 

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Scottish Gaelic Lesson 17 – A´Sgrìobhadh

Try to write something about yourself:

Is mise Joseph agus tha mi a´fuireach ann an Alba. Bha mi a´fuireach ann an flat ann am Pàislig, Tha am beagan Gaìdhlig. Tha mi ag ionnsachadh….

a bheil Ghaìlig agad  / an robh Ghaìlig agad

chan eil Ghaìlig agad  / cha robh Ghaìlig agad

Nach eil Ghaìlig agad / nach robh  Ghaìlig agad

 

 

 

 

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Scottish Gaelic Lesson 16: Lord’s Prayer

Ar n-Athair a tha air nèamh,
Gu naomhaichear d’ainm.
Thigeadh do rìoghachd.
Dèanar do thoil air an talamh,
mar a nìthear air nèamh.
Tabhair dhuinn an-diugh ar n-aran làitheil.
Agus maith dhuinn ar fiachan,
amhail a mhaitheas sinne dar luchd-fiach.
Agus na leig ann am buaireadh sinn;
ach saor sinn o olc:
oir is leatsa an rìoghachd,
agus an cumhachd,
agus a’ glòir,
gu sìorraidh. Amen

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Scottish Gaelic Lesson 10 – Lenition Examples

As I understand it, lenition is something which has been “evolving” to smooth the letters of the language for many centuries. What we know of lenition today is perhaps the remaining part. Simply the insertion of the letter H into the word after the first letter. Much older forms of lenition have been absorbed into vocabulary and you can see evidence of these in words like sèimh or fliuch which looked very different in the past and whose endings were lenited.

Remember the list of consonants which can be lenited from last time, not all consonants are lenited. C, B, M, D, G, S, T, P, F The letters L, N and R also lenite but are not written, you need to keep this in mind.

Below are the conditions of lenition

Choisich mi past tense *we will discuss that later, along with other tenses which can be lenited

oidhche mhath adjectives with feminine noun

mo bhràthair  possessives mo, do and a, *only these possessives,  always lenite. Possessives also cause the word to insert a vowel near the end of the word, Its called slenderisation. We will talk about that later.

bho, de, do, fo, gun, mar, mu, ro, tro prepositions which cause lenition.

corra deagh, droch, priomh, sàr, seann  adjectives which lenite

glè mhath modifiers glè, fior, ro

aon, dà, a’chiad  these numbers lenite

bu  this verb lenites

cha negative particle lenites.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Scottish Gaelic Lesson 1 – Basic Sentence Structure

Tha an la fuàr  (pronounced fooar)

You can see here a literal translation “Is the day cold”

Tha – is

an – the

la – day

fuàr  – cold

This is a great sentence to explain the word order of Gaelic. Verb first, subject and then the other bit .

Tha mi fuàr  – I am cold

A good exercise for today would be to sit down with a Gaelic dictionary and try to make new sentences with the verb “to be”. As your knowledge gets better we can revisit those later. Try to write some descritions of yourself or of people you know.

Tha mi Caraid (Caritsh) I am a friend. You will notice that there is no “a” in the Gaelic but I put this into the English translation. The “a” as an article before a noun does not exist in Gaelic.  It nly exists  when we use “the” like the example “Tha an la fuàr”. We can see “an”. We will talk more about that later.

Tha e saighdear (sy-tshir) he is (a) soldier.

These are simple sentences and we will make them more complex as we continue but right now, I want to keep it simple for a while until you understand the basics and get some vocabulary.