Christian Science, islam, Uncategorized

A Tale of Two Leaders

Mary Baker Eddy (July 16, 1821 – December 3, 1910) and Mirza Ghulam Ahmad  (13 February 1835 – 26 May 1908) have more in common than you might think.

Both leaders developed new scientific systems within their prospective religions, Christianity and Islam. He was nicknamed “King of the Sufis” and his movement became known as Ahmadiyya,  her system was called “Eddysm” or simply “of the Boston Craze” became formally known as Christian Science. Both were called to account and in public demonstrate it in front of cynics and both came from virtual obscurity with multiple marriages behind them, with their systems turned into multi million pound ventures  over time without much of a trace of their original message, resulting in fractures, law suits and continuing division today.

The Systems

Mary Baker Eddy wrote 17 “Official” books outlining her system of Christian religion which has  healing as one of its main attractive features. She reluctantly founded a church two periodicals and a daily newspaper which still continue. She wanted to be a reformer of Churches, but found instead that she was called to be a discoverer and writer to found her own Church,after she was rejected outright by mainstream Christianity.

Mirza Ghoulam Ahmad claimed he was the reincarnation of Christ (the second coming) which separated himself from every other Islamic group, who to this day  threaten Ahmadiyya members with death in most conservative Islamic countries.  Mary Baker Eddy claimed that she discovered that “the Christ” never left. In Some circles she was rumoured to be the “woman from the Apocalypse” or book of Revelation in the Bible which she did not deny.   The mission of the Ahmadiyya movement, according to Mirza, was the reinstatement of the oneness of God, the revival of Islam through the moral reformation of society along Islamic ideals, and the global propagation of Islam in its perfect form. Mary Baker Eddy felt that the Churches would “be taken one by one” as they discovered her message, which she expected to be completed in around 100 years from her statement (she said this in the 1900s).

Both characters vanished for a period of time to write and perfect their message making appearances to debate or comment on their systems at other times.

To join their systems, Mirza required a promise of ten conditions (which is an application form now, appearance at the AGM (Jalsa) and a formal interview) Mary Baker Eddy required class instruction if it was possible otherwise nothing . (Now its by reference and counter signature only).

Disputes after death

One of the main sources of dispute during his lifetime and continuing since then is Ghulam Ahmad’s use of the terms “prophet” and messenger when referring to himself.  His followers divided into two main factions. The main Ahmadiyya movement which has a continuing Caliphate who happens to be (at the time of writing) the Great Grandson of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Lahore Movement who reject much of the “Institution´s” claims but still follow Mirza´s character and writings without making too much of him. Much of the Ahmadiyya work is shrouded in secrecy to avoid confrontation with Government laws where they may be deemed illegal. His writings were mainly in Punjabi, Urdu and Arabic which have been translated and copyrighted by various groups

Mary Baker Eddy´s organisation has been disputed since the moment of her death, with many people stating that the Mother Church was to be closed and reduced to a Branch Church status, this has been brought to court at least once in recent years. Her organisation then took control of its publishing arm (by force) and its branches (which were supposed to remain independent according to the Church Manual) asking the Branches to take an oath of allegiance to the board of directors  which resulted in many leaving to practice independently. Court Cases followed, freeing the name “Christian Science” to be used by anyone.  Historically the archives have been shrouded in secrecy, More recently a little more accessible with the founding of the Mary Baker Eddy library. Her book and most of her work thankfully now remains in the public domain. Thanks to a few brave individuals within the movement.

If you join Mary Baker Eddy´s material organisation, you become a statistic at the Annual general meeting, (your country might even get mentioned) if you join Mirza Ghoulam Ahmad´s material organization , there is a formal ceremony at their AGM called the Jalsa every year and signing the forms.  Or you could join the Lahore movement where you can complete the form online as long as you promise to pay money regularly, otherwise your membership will be null and void.









islam, Uncategorized

Dhikr and its practice (1)

Here, in the coming posts  I would like to discuss how the practice of “Remembrance” has turned into something people quickly run through  fingers or beads as a superstitious ritual after formal Prayer (Salat). I would also like to discuss how this act of “Remembrance” has changed from remembering God into something which can put you into a state of intentional loss of control as a type of hypnosis, usually perpetuated by Sufis in a different setting.

So on one hand it is a superstitious ritual, something people have come to do after prayer because they “have to” (and it seems for some people at least the quicker the better) and on the other hand it has been kidnapped by a bunch of mesmerists who are trying to raise our thinking to an altered state. There is also a rumour that it is permissable to mix the names with water and drink them .There is also the idea that somehow it is designed to “please” God, but yet the word in Arabic means “Remember” not “please”.

How exactly did we get to this situation, I believe it is a mixture or poorly educated leaders, superstitious ideas and misinterpretations of the writing of scholars who have long since left us. After all, a language of classical Arabic is required in order to really interpret things correctly.

May I politely mention that neither of these ways of doing Dhikr mentioned above are particularly satisfactory and I find it quite alarming that one of the Ibrahamic Religions is being reduced down to mere superstitious practices.

Firstly if reciting a name in Arabic was in any way able to bring us closer to God then we would all surely pay more attention to it, despite color, race or creed, than trying to quickly get it out of the way before we do something else. The recitation of the thing has no power or benefit, but it is the act of Love, of trying to be still and be at one with the Creator which really counts, The intention, the art of being still and listening. The names can no doubt help us to that state but the ritual of the thing is only words. Reciting of the 99 names is not even a prescribed act of worship amongst all Muslims of the world.

So how do we redeem “Dhikr” as something which can be actually useful to us? By not reciting the names but actually looking at each one and then comparing it to our lives.

eg. One name is “The Bountiful” –  so, write down what God has given you in Life, what are you grateful for today?

Another is the “Hidden” – where we can ask “how does God reveal himself to us”. How do we see or meet with him daily?

This means we can see not what to “get” from God but what we have already been given, what we already have and don´t know it.  It also helps us to get to know the character of God better.

Over the coming days I intend to write more about this very interesting subject and how hypnosis or mesmerism or any kind of altered state is NOT an act of worship.




islam, Uncategorized

99 Names of God


99 names of Allah – Meaning and Explanation

# Name Transliteration Meaning Explanation


Ar-Rahmaan The Beneficent He who wills goodness and mercy for all His creatures


Ar-Raheem The Merciful He who acts with extreme kindness


Al-Malik The Eternal Lord The Sovereign Lord, The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection


Al-Quddus The Most Sacred The One who is pure from any imperfection and clear from children and adversaries


As-Salam The Embodiment of Peace The One who is free from every imperfection.


Al-Mu’min The Infuser of Faith The One who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him. And He witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him


Al-Muhaymin The Preserver of Safety The One who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures


Al-Aziz The Mighty One The Strong, The Defeater who is not defeated


Al-Jabbar The Omnipotent One The One that nothing happens in His Dominion except that which He willed


Al-Mutakabbir The Dominant One The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures and from resembling them.


Al-Khaaliq The Creator The One who brings everything from non-existence to existence


Al-Baari The Evolver The Maker, The Creator who has the Power to turn the entities.


Al-Musawwir The Flawless Shaper The One who forms His creatures in different pictures.


Al-Ghaffaar The Great Forgiver The Forgiver, The One who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.


Al-Qahhaar The All-Prevailing One The Dominant, The One who has the perfect Power and is not unable over anything.


Al-Wahhab The Supreme Bestower The One who is Generous in giving plenty without any return. He is everything that benefits whether Halal or Haram.


Ar-Razzaq The Total Provider The Sustainer, The Provider.


Al-Fattah The Supreme Solver The Opener, The Reliever, The Judge, The One who opens for His slaves the closed worldly and religious matters.


Al-Alim The All-Knowing One The Knowledgeable; The One nothing is absent from His knowledge


Al-Qaabid The Restricting One The Constrictor, The Withholder, The One who constricts the sustenance by His wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.


Al-Baasit The Extender The Englarger, The One who constricts the sustenance by His wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.


Al-Khaafid The Reducer The Abaser, The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction and raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.


Ar-Rafi The Elevating One The Exalter, The Elevator, The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction and raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.


Al-Mu’izz The Honourer-Bestower He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; And He degrades whoever He willed, hence there is no one to give Him esteem.


Al-Muzil The Abaser The Dishonourer, The Humiliator, He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; And He degrades whoever He willed, hence there is no one to give Him esteem.


As-Sami’ The All-Hearer The Hearer, The One who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument or organ.


Al-Baseer The All-Seeing The All-Noticing, The One who Sees all things that are seen by His Eternal Seeing without a pupil or any other instrument.


Al-Hakam The Impartial Judge The Judge, He is the Ruler and His judgment is His Word.


Al-Adl The Embodiment of Justice The Just, The One who is entitled to do what He does.


Al-Lateef The Knower of Subtleties The Subtle One, The Gracious, The One who is kind to His slaves and endows upon them.


Al-Khabeer The All-Aware One The One who knows the truth of things.


Al-Haleem The Clement One The Forebearing, The One who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.


Al-Azeem The Magnificent One The Great One, The Mighty, The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement, and Purity from all imperfection.


Al-Ghafoor The Great Forgiver The All-Forgiving, The Forgiving, The One who forgives a lot.


Ash-Shakoor The Acknowledging One The Grateful, The Appreciative, The One who gives a lot of reward for a little obedience.


Al-Aliyy The Sublime One The Most High, The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures.


Al-Kabeer The Great One The Most Great, The Great, The One who is greater than everything in status.


Al-Hafiz The Guarding One The Preserver, The Protector, The One who protects whatever and whoever He willed to protect.


Al-Muqeet The Sustaining One The Maintainer, The Guardian, The Feeder, The One who has the Power.


Al-Haseeb The Reckoning One The Reckoner, The One who gives the satisfaction.


Al-Jaleel The Majestic One The Sublime One, The Beneficent, The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.


Al-Kareem The Bountiful One The Generous One, The Gracious, The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.


Ar-Raqeeb The Watchful One The Watcher, The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it’s meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.


Al-Mujeeb The Responding One The Responsive, The Hearkener, The One who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.


Al-Waasi’ The All-Pervading One The Vast, The All-Embracing, The Knowledgeable.


Al-Hakeem The Wise One The Wise, The Judge of Judges, The One who is correct in His doings.


Al-Wadud The Loving One The One who loves His believing slaves and His believing slaves love Him. His love to His slaves is His Will to be merciful to them and praise them


Al-Majeed The Glorious One The Most Glorious One, The One who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity and Kindness.


Al-Ba’ith The Infuser of New Life The Resurrector, The Raiser (from death), The One who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment.


Ash-Shaheed The All Observing Witness The Witness, The One who nothing is absent from Him.


Al-Haqq The Embodiment of Truth The Truth, The True, The One who truly exists.


Al-Wakeel The Universal Trustee The Trustee, The One who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.


Al-Qawwiyy The Strong One The Most Strong, The Strong, The One with the complete Power


Al-Mateen The Firm One The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted and He does not get tired.


Al-Waliyy The Protecting Associate The Protecting Friend, The Supporter.


Al-Hameed The Sole-Laudable One The Praiseworthy, The praised One who deserves to be praised.


Al-Muhsee The All-Enumerating One The Counter, The Reckoner, The One who the count of things are known to him.


Al-Mubdi The Originator The One who started the human being. That is, He created him.


Al-Mueed The Restorer The Reproducer, The One who brings back the creatures after death


Al-Muhyi The Maintainer of life The Restorer, The Giver of Life, The One who took out a living human from semen that does not have a soul. He gives life by giving the souls back to the worn out bodies on the resurrection day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.


Al-Mumeet The Inflictor of Death The Creator of Death, The Destroyer, The One who renders the living dead.


Al-Hayy The Eternally Living One The Alive, The One attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh or blood.


Al-Qayyoom The Self-Subsisting One The One who remains and does not end.


Al-Waajid The Pointing One The Perceiver, The Finder, The Rich who is never poor. Al-Wajd is Richness.


Al-Maajid The All-Noble One The Glorious, He who is Most Glorious.


Al-Waahid The Only One The Unique, The One, The One without a partner


Al-Ahad The Sole One The One


As-Samad The Supreme Provider The Eternal, The Independent, The Master who is relied upon in matters and reverted to in ones needs.


Al-Qaadir The Omnipotent One The Able, The Capable, The One attributed with Power.


Al-Muqtadir The All Authoritative One The Powerful, The Dominant, The One with the perfect Power that nothing is withheld from Him.


Al-Muqaddim The Expediting One The Expediter, The Promoter, The One who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead what He wills and delays what He wills.


Al-Mu’akhkhir The Procrastinator The Delayer, the Retarder, The One who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead what He wills and delays what He wills.


Al-Awwal The Very First The First, The One whose Existence is without a beginning.


Al-Akhir The Infinite Last One The Last, The One whose Existence is without an end.


Az-Zaahir The Perceptible The Manifest, The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. He, The Exalted, His Existence is obvious by proofs and He is clear from the delusions of attributes of bodies.


Al-Baatin The Imperceptible The Hidden, The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. He, The Exalted, His Existence is obvious by proofs and He is clear from the delusions of attributes of bodies.


Al-Waali The Holder of Supreme Authority The Governor, The One who owns things and manages them.


Al-Muta’ali The Extremely Exalted One The Most Exalted, The High Exalted, The One who is clear from the attributes of the creation.


Al-Barr The Fountain-Head of Truth The Source of All Goodness, The Righteous, The One who is kind to His creatures, who covered them with His sustenance and specified whoever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.


At-Tawwaab The Ever-Acceptor of Repentance The Relenting, The One who grants repentance to whoever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.


Al-Muntaqim The Retaliator The Avenger, The One who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One who destroys them.


Al-Afuww The Supreme Pardoner The Forgiver, The One with wide forgiveness.


Ar-Ra’oof The Benign One The Compassionate, The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His will to endow upon whoever He willed among His creatures.

مَالِكُ الْمُلْكِ

Maalik-ul-Mulk The Eternal Possessor of Sovereignty The One who controls the Dominion and gives dominion to whoever He willed.

ذُوالْجَلاَلِ وَالإكْرَامِ

Zul-Jalaali-wal-Ikram The Possessor of Majesty and Honour The Lord of Majesty and Bounty, The One who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.


Al-Muqsit The Just One The Equitable, The One who is Just in His judgment.


Al-Jaami’ The Assembler of Scattered Creations The Gatherer, The One who gathers the creatures on a day that there is no doubt about, that is the Day of Judgment.


Al-Ghaniyy The Self-Sufficient One The One who does not need the creation.


Al-Mughni The Bestower of Sufficiency The Enricher, The One who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.


Al-Maani’ The Preventer The Withholder.


Ad-Daarr The Distressor The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed and benefit to whoever He willed.


An-Naafi’ The Bestower of Benefits The Propitious, The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed and benefit to whoever He willed.


An-Noor The Prime Light The Light, The One who guides.


Al-Haadi The Provider of Guidance The Guide, The One whom with His Guidance His believers were guided, and with His Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial for them and protected from what is harmful to them.


Al-Badi’ The Unique One The Incomparable, The One who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.


Al-Baaqi The Ever Surviving One The Everlasting, The One that the state of non-existence is impossible for Him.


Al-Waaris The Eternal Inheritor The Heir, The One whose Existence remains.


Ar-Rasheed The Guide to Path of Rectitude The Guide to the Right Path, The One who guides.


As-Saboor The Extensively Enduring One The Patient, The One who does not quickly punish the sinners.
islam, Uncategorized

99 Names of God in Islam / Arabic أسماء الله الحسنى‎‎

1 Ar Rahman الرحمن The Most Gracious
2 Ar Raheem الرحيم The Most Merciful
3 Al Malik الملك The King
4 Al Quddus القدوس The Most Holy
5 As Salam السلام The Ultimate Provider of Peace
6 Al Mu’min المؤمن The Guardian of Faith
7 Al Muhaymin المهيمن The Guardian, the Preserver
8 Al Aziz العزيز The Almighty, the Self Sufficient
9 Al Jabbaar الجبار The Compeller
10 Al Mutakabbir الْمُتَكَبِّرُ The Dominant one
11 Al Khaaliq الخالق The Creator
12 Al Baari البارئ The Maker
13 Al Musawwir المصور The Fashioner of Forms
14 Al Ghaffaar الغفار The Ever-Forgiving
15 Al Qahhaar القهار The All Subduer
16 Al Wahhaab الوهاب The Bestower
17 Ar Razzaaq الرزاق The Ever-Providing, The Sustainer
18 Al Fattaah الفتاح The Ultimate Judge, The Opener of All Portals, the Victory Giver
19 Al Alim العليم The All-Knowing, the Omniscient
20 Al Qaabidh القابض The Restrainer, the Straightener
21 Al Baasit الباسط The Expander, the Munificent
22 Al Khaafidh الخافض The Abaser, The Demeanor
23 Ar Raafi’ الرافع The Exalter
24 Al Mu’izz المعز The Giver of Honour
25 Al Muzil المذل The Giver of Dishonor
26 Al Sami’ السميع The All-Hearing
27 Al Basir البصير The All-Seeing
28 Al Hakam الحكم The Judge, the Ultimate Arbiter
29 Al ‘Adl العدل The Utterly Just
30 Al Latif اللطيف The Kind
31 Al Khabir الخبير The All-Aware
32 Al Halim الحليم The Forbearer, The Indulgent
33 Al-‘Adheem العظيم The Magnificent, the Infinite
34 Al Ghafur الغفور The All-Forgiving
35 Ash Shakur الشكور The Grateful
36 Al Ali العلي The Sublimely Exalted
37 Al Kabir الكبير The Great
38 Al Hafidh الحفيظ The Preserver, The Protector
39 Al Muqit المقيت The Nourisher
40 Al Hasib الحسيب The Reckoner
41 Al Jalil الجليل The Majestic
42 Al Karim الكريم The Bountiful, the Generous
43 Ar Raqib الرقيب The Watchful
44 Al Mujib المجيب The Responsive, the Answerer
45 Al Wasi’ الواسع The Vast, the All Encompassing
46 Al Hakim الحكيم The Wise
47 Al Wadud الودود The Loving, the Kind One
48 Al Majid المجيد The All Glorious
49 Al Ba’ith الباعث The Raiser of the Dead
50 Ash Shaheed الشهيد The Witness
51 Al Haqq الحق The Truth, the Real
52 Al Wakil الوكيل The Trustee, the Dependable
53 Al Qawiyy القوي The Strong
54 Al Mateen المتين The Firm, the Steadfast
55 Al Wali الولي The Protecting Friend, Patron, and Supporter
56 Al Hamidu الحميد The All Praise Worthy
57 Al Muhsi المحصي The Accounter, The Numberer of All
58 Al Mubdi المبدئ The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of all
59 Al Mu’id المعيد The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
60 Al Muhyi المحيي The Giver of Life
61 Al Mumit المميت The Bringer of Death, the Destroyer
62 Al Hayy الحي The Ever Living
63 Al Qayyum القيوم The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All
64 Al Waajid الواجد The Perceiver, the Finder, the Unfailing
65 Al Maajid الماجد The Illustrious, the Magnificent
66 Al Waahid الواحد The One, the All Inclusive, the Indivisible
67 Al Ahad الاحد The One, the Indivisible
68 As Samad الصمد The Everlasting,The Eternal Refuge
69 Al Qaadir القادر The All-Capable, The Most Able, The Most Powerful
70 Al Muqtadir المقتدر The All Determiner, the Dominant
71 Al Muqaddim المقدم The Expediter, He who brings forward
72 Al Mu’akhkhir المؤخر The Delayer, He who brings backwards
73 Al Awwal الأول The First
74 Al Aakhir الآخر The Last
75 Az Dhaahir الظاهر The Manifest; the All Victorious
76 Al Baatin الباطن The Hidden; the All Encompassing
77 Al Waali الوالي The Patron
78 Al Muta’ali المتعالي The Self Exalted
79 Al Barr البر The Most Kind and Righteous
80 At Tawwaab التواب The Ever-Pardoning, Ever Relenting
81 Al Muntaqim المنتقم The Avenger
82 Al ‘Afuww العفو The Pardoner, The Forgiver
83 Ar Ra’uf الرؤوف The Clement, The Compassionate, The All-Pitying
84 Malik Al Mulk مالك الملك The Owner of All Sovereignty
85 Dhual Jalal wa Al Ikram ذو الجلال و الإكرام The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
86 Al Muqsit المقسط The Equitable, the Requiter
87 Al Jaami’ الجامع The Gatherer, the Unifier
88 Al Ghani الغني The All Rich, the Independent
89 Al Mughni المغني The Enricher, the Emancipator
90 Al Mani’ المانع The Withholder, the Shielder, the Defender
91 Ad Dharr الضآر The Distresser
92 An Nafi’ النافع The Propitious, the Benefactor
93 An Nur النور The Light
94 Al Hadi الهادي The Guide
95 Al Badi’i البديع Incomparable, the Originator
96 Al Baaqi الباقي The Ever Enduring and Immutable
97 Al Waarith الوارث The Heir, the Inheritor of All
98 Ar Rashid الرشيد The Guide, Infallible Teacher, and Knower
99 Al Saboor الصبور The Forbearing, The Patient